Ceramic tiles are favored

Ceramic Tiles Favored White Wood (Guilin City Guilin Xishan Nanxiang No. 35 Guilin) ​​1 The advantages of ceramic tiles Ceramic tiles are one of the long-term architectural decoration materials, belonging to the traditional building decoration materials, with natural clay and torches. Stone as the main raw material, after processing and high-temperature sintering. The surface of the ceramic tile is flat, light in weight, and can be decorated in a large area. Its texture is hard, abrasion-resistant, pressure-resistant, scrub-resistant, and can meet the requirements of any space-to-ground material function, so there is no room space that should not be used. The ceramic tile has low water absorption, can be scrubbed, is not bleached, is not deformed, is safe and non-toxic, does not pollute the environment, and is convenient for construction and maintenance. It is one of the most commonly used floor decoration materials in home decoration. Ceramic tiles are rich in color, pattern patterns, and decorative, and with the continuous improvement of the production process, its varieties are also more abundant, and new types of floor tiles such as imitation marble, imitated granite and imitation wood flooring are emerging. The texture and the fineness of processing are all realistic and regular. In particular, the price of floor tiles is much lower than that of natural stone. Therefore, ceramic floor tiles have gradually become the dominant material in home decoration.

2 Classification of Ceramic Floor Tiles Ceramic floor tiles can be divided into two categories from the main raw materials: one is ceramic bricks with clay as the main raw material, and the lower strength of ceramic bricks is mainly used for floor decoration projects in kitchens and bathrooms. The other type is a whole body brick with the main raw material as its base material. Its strength is higher than that of ceramic bricks, and its application scope is wider. The ceramic tile is divided into two types: shaft and sleeveless according to the surface treatment method. The ceramic bricks are mostly glazed, while the unglazed bricks have various varieties such as flat surface, bearing surface, polished surface, and polished surface. From the surface effect of ceramic tile can be divided into monochrome, texture, imitation stone, imitation wood, parquet and other forms. In addition, ceramic tiles can also be functionally divided into non-slip, wear and other functional floor tiles. Ceramic tiles are square and have a thickness of about 8 mm. There are 300 mm x 300 mm, m x 6 mm, 40 mm x 400 mm x 6 mm, 500 mm x 500 m x 6 mm and many other specifications. The selection method for the British size specification is the selection of the stone plate.

3 The development of ceramic tiles Because the brick is made of non-mineral materials such as clay and china clay. Therefore, the hard texture of the ceramics, coupled with the glazed surface of the decoration, are often "slippery." For the elderly and young children in the family, on the ceramic floor, beware of the "foot blemishes."

For decades, China's architectural ceramics industry has developed rapidly. The types of ceramic floor tiles have been developed from glazed tiles to colored glazed enamel tiles and full-tile tiles, also known as vitrified tiles. Glazed ceramic tiles are fired with clay and are generally dark red: These tiles are cheap, but changes in the water absorption rate can cause warp and chipping, affecting the decorative effect and service life. The enamel texture tiles are fired from clay and china clay. Its intrinsic quality (hardness, water absorption) and price range between pottery and porcelain. Nowadays, a large number of glazed enamel bricks on the market are prolific in Foshan, Guangdong Province, and the quality is relatively stable. Full-tile tiles (glass tiles) are completely burned with porcelain clay. The water absorption is low, and the texture is hard. It can be comparable to stone and is a ceramic tile. The best family. At present, there are two major categories of products that have been listed in the country, namely whole-body bricks, all-in-one light bricks, and non-glazed bricks, as well as all-ceramic color glaze bricks: the glaze of this all-ceramic glazed brick. Most imported from Italy, Spain color glaze color or color glaze products: a non-slip, scratch-resistant features. And its glaze color design and color choices have elegant and luxurious features, is a kind of ceramic tiles began to popular.

Its moderate price is loved by the working class.

At present, ceramic permeable bricks developed and produced by Shanshan-Kaibo-China Standard Technology Co., Ltd. adopt automatic molding technology and ceramic permeable bricks fired by advanced kiln equipment. They have a porous structure and can penetrate into underground water in the event of rain. , moisten the earth. This product not only protects water resources, but also prevents seawater from inflow when applied in coastal cities; therefore, the products are sold well in China, Japan, South Korea and other countries, and will soon reach more and more consumers. The ceramic permeable brick also has special comfort: the accumulated moisture can inhibit the increase of surface temperature by evaporation on hot days, and has the effect of reducing the greenhouse effect; and has a variety of colors of natural stone-like appearance color, according to the construction site , Can create an elegant urban landscape; Although it is a porous structure, but the strength is very high; due to the surface of coarse sugar, water retention, high water permeability, the surface is difficult to seep out of water, even if it is a rainy day, people will not slip.

4Selection of Ceramic Tiles During the home improvement process, people often have trouble finding out what kind of ceramic floor tiles are used. Here are some methods to choose from. (1) The glazed surface should be smooth and delicate; the shiny surface should be crystal clear and shiny, and the glossy surface should be soft and comfortable. (2) color difference. Put a few pieces of ceramic floor tiles together and look closely under the light. The color difference of a good product is very small, and the hue of the products is basically the same. The poor product has a large color difference and the shades of the products are different. (3) Specifications. Available caliper measurement. Good deviation of product specifications is small. After laying, the product is neat, bricks are straight, and the decoration effect is good. Poor product specifications vary widely, and products vary in size. (4) deformation. Can be observed directly with the naked eye. The product is required to be straight faced, so that the product is small in deformation, convenient in construction, and the brick surface is beautiful after paving. (3) pattern. The color pattern should be delicate and realistic, with no obvious defects such as lack of color, breakage, and misalignment. (6) Hue. The color of the external wall tiles should be in harmony with the surrounding environment. Generally, high-rise buildings should not use white or light-colored exterior wall decoration tiles to avoid the lack of texture of the building; in the interior decoration, the tone of the floor tiles and interior wall tiles should be Match each other. Bathrooms should be mainly sanitary ware, and the quality and grade of wall and floor tiles and various accessories including hardware and other supporting materials should be coordinated. (7) Longevity. After ceramic tiles are laid, they will not crack, deform, or absorb dirt for a long time. You can use the following simple method to judge: Use the ink behind the product to see if the ink is automatically dispersed.

In general, the slower the ink dispersion speed is, the smaller the water absorption rate is, and the better the inherent quality is, the better the product's durability is; on the contrary, the poorer the product's longevity. (8) Anti-skid. The slip resistance of ceramic tiles is very important. Generally, ceramic tiles with anti-slip function should be used in places where bathrooms and kitchens are bathed.

5 Laying Ceramic Tiles Ceramic tiles are generally laid on fine stone concrete or prefabricated floor slabs with good integrity and rigidity. They are: (1) Dry-hardness of 10–20 mm thick and 1.3–4 on leveling layers. Cement grout, ceramic grout scraping cement paste on the back, paving paste, cement mortar caulking, in order to increase the surface adhesion. The ceramic tile (mosaic) was spread over the entire towel and flattened with a roller. After the mortar had hardened, the kraft paper was washed off with oxalic acid, and then the joints were wiped with cement. (2) If there is no need for a cushion to look for flooding or if the surface of the substrate is flat, a layer of cement mortar mixed with 20% 107 glue may be applied to the surface of the base layer to a thickness of 1-2 mm and then mixed with 5%- 10% 107 cement mortar directly paste ceramic tiles. Because of the good performance of water-retaining and anti-cracking of cement mortar with 107 cement, it is not necessary to make thick cement mortar, and it is easy to construct and easy to flatten.

Construction points: (1) The concrete floor should be cut at the base level, with a depth of 5-10 mm, with a spacing of 30 mm for deep hair marks. Afterwards, clean floating ash and sand are small (15). (2) Play a good line before laying. When the line is played, the center line of the room is vertical. (3) Before laying the ceramic floor tiles, the ceramic floor tiles should be soaked and dried. (4) When paving, the cement mortar should be plump on the back of the ceramic floor tile, and then pounded with a rubber pick. At the same time, check and correct with a level ruler, wipe the surface of the cement mortar, (3) after 2-3 hours after laying. Wipe the surface with white cement and wipe the surface with cotton.

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